At a glance
E-Mobility or electric mobility / electromobility means the use of electric vehicles. This includes many different types of vehicles with electric drive, e.g. cars, trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, but in a broader sense also public transport such as buses or trams and small vehicles such as scooters or pedalos. The term also covers various measures and technologies designed to facilitate the use of such vehicles in everyday life, e.g. the expansion of the charging infrastructure.
Advantages of E-Mobility
E-mobility brings many advantages, which are mainly in the area of environment, quality of life and intelligent energy use.
Environmentally friendly alternatives
A major advantage of electrically powered vehicles is that they do not produce exhaust gases on site and therefore have no negative impact on local air quality and environmental pollution. Also, the noise level in these vehicles is extremely low, which is not only pleasant for the vehicle occupants but also has a positive effect on the noise level. Large cities in particular could benefit greatly if noise levels and air pollution were to drop noticeably as a result of the switch to electric cars.
Electric car as electricity storage for households
Electric car owners with their own property can use their home charging station not only to charge their vehicle. In combination with, for example, solar cells on the roof, the car can serve as an additional battery, in which excess energy is stored instead of being fed into the public grid. This energy can then be used when needed to supply the house with the electricity it produces instead of buying energy from the grid. The so-called bidirectional charging is already being used successfully in other countries.
Current hurdles and points of criticism of e-mobility
Some central problems of electromobility are currently still the costs for the vehicles or for the batteries, the insufficient coverage with charging stations and the sometimes still relatively short ranges that an electric car can achieve compared to a conventional gasoline or diesel vehicle.
Electromobility is currently being strongly promoted, e.g. through the establishment of a nationwide charging infrastructure. Car manufacturers are also working on significantly increasing the range per battery charge. In its climate protection program 2030, the German government has stated that climate-friendly mobility, i.e. in particular the switch to electric vehicles, is to be promoted. One of the declared goals is to have between 7 and 10 million electric vehicles registered in Germany by 2030 at the latest.