ROBIOTIC

Lexikon

5G

At a glance

5G is the latest generation of transmission technology for mobile communications. The name is derived from the fact that it is now the fifth generation of the technology. The global mobile communications standard is initially of interest primarily for industrial purposes, for example for networked production or logistics systems that require real-time data.

Advantages of 5G

The advantages of the fifth generation of mobile telephony lie primarily in the more powerful and faster transmission of data.

High data rates

The new mobile communications technology enables transmission speeds of up to ten Gbit/s. The fifth generation of mobile communications thus offers ten times the transmission speed of its predecessor 4G (LTE), which achieves peak values of up to 1 Gbit/s.

Low latency times

Data transmission with the new standard is virtually real-time. Latency times should ideally be less than one millisecond with the new technology. For comparison: The predecessor 4G offers peak values of about 10 milliseconds. For time-critical applications such as networked systems, which require real-time information for smooth operation, the lower latency makes a drastic difference.

Application areas

5G is interesting as a technology for mobile broadband networks: Thanks to its high data rate, the technology enables large-scale coverage for broadband Internet on mobile devices.

Autonomous vehicles

Completely autonomous vehicles are technologically very complex. For this reason, only partially autonomous vehicles that support the driver, e.g. by means of assistance systems that automatically brake in the event of danger, are currently widespread. The new mobile radio standard is a further step on the way to more autonomy in vehicles. Comprehensive automated action is only possible if the vehicles have all the necessary information from their environment at their disposal - and if this is not the case, appropriate emergency protocols must be in place. One way of doing this is for the vehicle to automatically return control to the driver in an emergency, or to drive to the side of the road and switch itself off. Real-time mobile radio extends these possibilities so that, for example, remote control of a driverless vehicle in an emergency would also be conceivable.

Campus network

In a campus network, everything revolves around the networking between machines and industrial processes in real time. The technology is particularly important for Industry 4.0, as it enables seamless communication between the devices involved regardless of location. This means that thanks to mobile radio, devices such as autonomous vehicles or sensors outside the company's premises can be integrated into the system on site in real time.

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