E-Mobility: IoT makes driving a digital experience
What is E-Mobility actually? The definition is quite simple: Electromobility or "e-mobility" refers to vehicles or means of transportation that rely either entirely or at least partially on an electric drive. The first known German electric car was the so-called "Flocken Elektrowagen", manufactured by the company A. Flocken in Coburg in 1888. Initially, however, electromobility was only able to establish itself nationwide in rail-bound rail traffic.
In times of global climate discussions and increasing environmental awareness, however, electromobility has now developed into a megatrend. The German government's climate protection program 2030, which was not adopted until 2019, states: "The 2020s will be the decade for the consistent implementation of the energy revolution and a turnaround of mobility concepts.” The accelerated implementation of electric mobility will play a key role in this context.
Driverless vehicles, networked services and new sharing concepts: The Internet of Things (IoT) is opening up completely new possibilities and expanding the limits of our mobility. New technologies are revolutionizing our current understanding of mobility. Moving from point A to point B is becoming a truly digital and sustainable experience: Because e-mobility also enables the vehicle to be networked with the environment.
Intuitive, intelligent, individual - networked mobility of the future
Personalized cockpits, networked services, information and environmental protection: IoT-based solutions make mobility safer, more efficient and more convenient. Digital services support drivers in finding a parking space. Displays in the cockpit can be personalized according to individual wishes, and the range of infotainment available in modern vehicles is also growing all the time.
The technology behind this is the basis for this new type of mobility: it ensures safe and smooth communication within the vehicle, between vehicles and between vehicles and their environment. Only the ideal interaction of networked services, digital interior solutions and thus an intelligent combination of hardware and software will enable new digital mobility experiences in the future:
Modern driver assistance systems and traffic management
Flexible light vehicles for the city
Common electric vehicle fleets
Modern vehicle electronics: the vehicle becomes a mobile device
Car Sharing: Individual, ecological mobility without your own car
Environmentally friendly public transport
Electric tractors for energy self-sufficient agriculture
Emission-free heavy duty traffic
Intelligent city logistics - the best protection against an impending traffic collapse
New services with e-mobility - practical examples
Networked services are changing mobility. Vehicle solutions such as the automatic emergency call system eCall, together with assistance systems for detecting and avoiding traffic jams, are contributing to improved traffic flow and greater safety on the roads. Other services, on the other hand, support the search for a suitable charging station, parking facilities, or make smartphones into secure car keys.
Big data and data monetization: These terms are used regularly when talking about future trends in digitization. Networked systems are seen as a key factor in determining how tomorrow's mobility can meet current challenges such as environmental protection and sustainability.
A practical example: The German automotive supplier ZF has developed the innovative electric car axle drive I.E-Axle. Thanks to the bidirectional connection to an IoT platform, the system collects data on the drive and parking brake, detects overvoltages, measures acceleration values, and monitors the temperature of the machine and power electronics. At the same time, the power electronics can be directly controlled via this connection. Software updates for the vehicle and powertrain are downloaded wirelessly over-the-air, saving costly and time-consuming workshop visits.
Keyword data monetization: Networking with the IoT cloud enables a completely new generation of new services. Car manufacturers can analyze the individual driving behavior of end customers and offer customized warranty terms. Algorithms for predictive maintenance planning - predictive maintenance! - detect malfunctions at an early stage and reduce downtime for fleet operators. Pay-per-X functions give car rental companies the option of staggering their rates. And the drivers themselves can book additional functions via app.
E-Mobility - Security as the key to breakthrough
The topic of cybersecurity is of decisive importance for the breakthrough of e-mobility and sustainable acceptance by users. Security and data protection form a fundamental basis, as is the case with all digitalization issues. In any case, concepts for effective cybersecurity must be an essential part of every IoT-based technology in the field of e-mobility.
Electromobility as a challenge for all
In addition to many expected benefits, the topic of electromobility also brings with it a variety of challenges for the automotive industry, suppliers, the energy sector and users:
The automotive industry and suppliers are reorganizing their existing production and supply processes.
High-performance batteries are becoming a key success factor.
Electricity consumption will rise sharply as electromobility increases.
The federal government, cities and municipalities are adapting their infrastructure: efficient, seamless charging facilities for electrically powered vehicles are an important basis for successful e-mobility.
The globally required infrastructure for electromobility opens up new and innovative business models for companies from a wide range of industries. According to a study by the consulting firm Deloitte, three groups of companies in particular will benefit from supplementing or expanding the existing business model: energy supply companies, municipal utilities and network operators; automotive companies, fleet managers and transportation companies; and consumer and real estate such as shopping centers, parking garages, supermarkets, hotels and restaurants.
Connectivity will create new business models and fundamentally change the way we move. Car sharing, ride-sharing and networking-based services are just a few of the points that will be in the general focus. According to management consultants PricewaterhouseCoopers, the business potential in this area is enormous: By 2025, more than 470 million networked vehicles will be on the move globally, and by the end of 2022, the market volume for mobility and digital services is expected to reach around 140 billion euros.
Conclusion: The mobility of the future is digital
New technologies whirl around the mobility market - and at the same time create a new access for related industries. The energy concept of the future is unthinkable without e-mobility. E-Mobility will be the central component of a smart and resource-saving urban lifestyle. This makes electromobility a lucrative growth market. Whether corporate car sharing, e-mobility in the fleet business or company e-car sharing: the new digitalized world of electric transport offers numerous new service options based on related, collected data. And in this world, data is the new oil.
In the future, the transport network, mobility network and a stable power grid will have to work together effectively. A claim that can only be realized if valid real-time information on the location and charging status of vehicles within the transport network is available via IoT technologies. Then IoT ensures that the movement from A to B in the most diverse vehicles becomes a sustainable, digital experience.
veröffentlicht am : 2020-09-30 09:30