Consistent development: From Industry 4.0 to Industry 5.0
The term "Industry 4.0" was first mentioned in public in 2011. Since then, it has developed into a global trademark that embodies both particularly high innovative strength and pioneering spirit in the age of digitalization.
Industry 4.0 stands not least for the replacement of mass products by mass-individualized products. In other words, instead of mass production, we are moving toward individual, customized products - which, however, are possible at unit prices similar to those for mass production thanks to the use of innovative technologies such as IoT. Industry 4.0 is digitization, networking, communication.
Meanwhile, a new term is gradually establishing itself: Industry 5.0. This does not mean the end of the fourth industrial revolution, which is just a decade old, but rather its consistent further development.
What does Industry 5.0 mean?
Industry 5.0 describes the direct collaboration between people and smart machines. These help people to work more effectively and productively using technologies such as IoT, Big Data, etc. Industrie 5.0 adds a personal, human touch to the concept of Industrie 4.0: processes that support people physically and mentally. Machine capabilities that combine with human intelligence and ingenuity. Personalization, collaboration and sustainability. A concept that particularly emphasizes the contribution that companies make to society.
Thought foundations of Industry 5.0
Supporting people, not replacing them
Intelligent machines or robots do many things better and more precisely than humans, but they are not flexible and lack adaptability and critical thinking. In collaboration with humans, they ideally serve their purpose and humans continue to play an important role in the industry.
Balance between automation and human productivity
Industry 4.0 is about optimizing performance through networking between systems and processes. Industry 5.0 is also about generating profit through improved efficiency and productivity - namely, through optimized collaboration between humans and machines, combined with the increasing demand for individualization and personalization.
Smart Factory: Opportunities and possibilities
Flexible, efficient, sustainable: In a smart factory, there is a production environment that organizes itself, including manufacturing facilities and logistics systems. The central feature here is individualized production. Intelligent networking and the ability to self-organize ensure that production processes are individual, flexible and automated. In this way, individual products and small batches can be produced as cost-effectively as was previously only possible with mass production.
Man and technology. Symbiosis, not competition
Actually, humans no longer need to intervene in the production processes of Industry 4.0. The principle of Industry 5.0 sees it differently: here, humans can very well get involved. Of course, digital technologies are changing the role of employees: But they do not restrict them, rather they enable them to fully exploit their potential. The share of production work will definitely decrease in the future, but the share of monitoring tasks will increase: Controlling, monitoring, optimizing processes and interfaces, evaluating data. This is a development that not only avoids many accidents at work, but also generates considerable added business value. In this way, technology puts itself quasi protectively in front of people.
Conclusion: The future of Industry 4.0 is Industry 5.0
Industry 5.0 is not a new era, but a logical upgrade of the Industry 4.0 principle: more sustainable, more resilient and more people-oriented, in a smooth transition. Industrial jobs will not be eliminated as a result; on the contrary, workers will be placed more at the center of the production process. In the European Commission's "Industry 5.0" report, it sounds like this: people alone have not been enough for a long time, and the "human accident factor" is also a major issue. The aim is to achieve a balance between automation and human productivity and creativity. By focusing on cognitive capabilities, industry can only take full advantage of evolving innovations to drive competitiveness. Last but not least, this means: Industry 5.0 needs modern leadership skills from decision-makers. Because companies assume responsibility in Industry 5.0. Toward employees, customers and society.
veröffentlicht am : 2022-03-09 11:30